Vol. 3 No. 1 (2024): Emirati Journal of Business, Economics, & Social Studies

The Effect of Emotional Intelligence Skills on Leaders’ Performance: An Empirical Study Applied on Egyptian Public Universities

Published 2024-01-30


  • Emotional Intelligence,
  • Leaders’ Performance,
  • Empirical Study,
  • Public Universities

How to Cite

The Effect of Emotional Intelligence Skills on Leaders’ Performance: An Empirical Study Applied on Egyptian Public Universities. (2024). Emirati Journal of Business, Economics, & Social Studies, 3(1), 22-31. https://doi.org/10.54878/gnxq7185


This study is conducted to determine the effects of emotional intelligence on leaders’ performance within Egyptian universities. The concepts of emotional intelligence and employee engagement have received significant attention in both academic and business fields in the recent years. Much of the attention has been focused on the relationship between the leaders’ performance and organizational results. The attention has not come without controversy related to many aspects of each concept. The debate continues amongst researchers of how to define and measure emotional intelligence, and whether emotional intelligence is a new type of intelligence or simply another way of assessing personality characteristics. The research examines the role that emotional intelligence plays in leaders’ performance at the Egyptian universities. The goal is to draw conclusions about the effect of emotional intelligence on leaders’ performance among leaders’ candidates, and offer relevant recommendations for selecting, training, developing, and evaluating leaders. 

The research sample includes the university leaders, as higher education is so important in Egypt. It reveals importance of education in enhancing the competitiveness and economic development. It will help developing the knowledge economy, which will in turn create a demand for higher skill levels in most occupations. A new range of competences such as adaptability, team work, communication skills and motivation for continual learning has become critical. 

The public Egyptian universities have been chosen to be the research society because of being an important sector, which has an impact on other productive and service sectors. All sectors are affected by education policies; it is the environment which affects the mechanism of all other sectors. In short, the success or failure of the leadership process within any sector would directly affect the success of business in other sector.


  1. (Bar-On, 1997), Mesmer-Magnus, J., Viswesvaran, C., Joseph, J., & Deshpande, S. (2008). The role of emotional intelligence in integrity and ethics perceptions. In W. Zerbe, N. Ashkansky, & C. Hartel (Eds.), Research on emotions in organizations: emotions, ethics, and decision-making (Vol. 4). Westport, CT: Quorum Books/Greenwood Publishing Group.
  2. Abd-Elsamad A. W..( 2007)[Primary Education System in the Arab Republic of Egypt and France – A Comparative Study]. Unpublished MA Thesis, High Institute of Educational Studies, Cairo University.
  3. Berliner, D. (2010). Educational research: The hardest science of all. Educational Researcher, 31
  4. Burks, D., & Kobus, A. (2012). The legacy of altruism in health care.
  5. Christian Miller(2014), Character and Moral Psychology, January 2014, published online
  6. Creswell, J. W. (2007). Educational research (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  7. Grant, A., (2014): "The Dark Side of Emotional Intelligence". The Atlantic Archived from the original of Emotional Intelligent Institution.
  8. Ibrahim K. I.(2008).”Globalization and Education systems in the Workforce “Cambridge press.
  9. Meyer, J.P., Stanley, D.J., Herscovitch, L., & Topolnytsky, L. (2002). Affective, continuance and normative commitment to the organization: A metaanalysis of antecedents, correlates and consequences. Journal of Vocational Behaviour.
  10. Seal, C., & Andrews-Brown, A. (2010). An integrative model of emotional intelligence: Emotional ability as a moderator of the mediated relationship of emotional quotient and emotional competence. Organization Management Journal, 7, 143-152. doi: 10.1057/omj.2010.22 series
  11. Strategic Planning Unit. (2008). Review of Higher Education in Egypt (Country Background Report). Cairo: Ministry of Higher Education.
  12. Sy, T., Tram, S., & O’Hara, L.A. (2006). Relation of employee and manager emotional intelligence to job satisfaction and performance. Journal of Vocational Behaviour, 68, 461-473.the ACGME competencies. Medical Education.
  13. Zhou, J., & George, J.M. (2003). Awakening employee creativity: the role of leader emotional intelligence. The Leadership Quarterly, 14, 545-568.